The biggest building till 1930s.
building of Nirnzee
Behind the building №17, Tverskaya Street you will find a unique house, created by the German architect Nirnzee (10th, Bolshoy Gnezdnikovsky Lane). Until the midst of 1930s this house was the highest building in Moscow! It was constructed in 1912 and known as “The House of cheap flats by Nirnzee”. Its small flats were rented cheaply. The first floor was occupied by The Bat Theatre, its first performance is said to have been visited by the famous writer Maxim Gorky. In 1915 the Winter Film studio producing classic screen versions and comedies was constructed on the roof.
building of Nirnzee
In 1916 a restaurant called The Roof was opened there. Look at the ad published by Moscow newspapers in 1916: “The roof of Moscow skyscraper at 10th, Gneznikovsky Lane. This is the only summer recreation place in the center of Moscow, where you can breathe mountain air and enjoy broad horizon – unforgettable views over all Moscow from a bird’s eye view. Lifting by the elevator starts at 5 p.m. Entrance plus lifting on the roof fee is 20 copecks. The orchestra starts playing at 9 p.m.”. After the Revolution (1917) the roof was added with a public garden, playground, sports ground, and cycle track. In 1920s this house was inhabited by the Russian elite, it was also occupied by publishing companies. This house is surrounded by legendary stories; Mikhail Bulgakov, an outstanding Russian writer, met his future wife Elena Shilovskaya here, attending a party in flat №527. The famous poet Vladimir Mayakovsky also visited his friend David Burlyuk, an artist who lived here. During the epoch of Stalin’s repressions this house lost 1/3 of lodgers, while others lived in a permanent state of fear. The situation became even worse after Mr. Vishinsky, the so-called bloody prosecutor, had moved here. During that time a simple cough of a child living next door, could cost him his life. Try entering the inner yard, the house looks so mysterious from this point.